MDMA is the chemical abbreviation for 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine, an illegal, mind-altering substance also known as Ecstasy or Molly.
Basic Facts About Ecstasy (MDMA, Molly)
MDMA shares chemical properties with the manmade stimulant drug amphetamine, as well as the hallucinogenic, plant-based drug mescaline. The stimulant aspect of MDMA produces effects that typically include blood pressure spikes, a rise in normal heart rate, increased muscle activity, and an unusually alert and energetic mental state. In addition, the drug’s presence can interfere with the body’s natural ability to keep its internal temperature within safe limits. The hallucinogenic aspect of MDMA produces effects that can include an unusually keen sense of touch and heightened sensitivity to light and sound. Additional effects associated with Ecstasy use include a heightened sense of euphoric pleasure, an expansive mental/emotional outlook and heightened sexual arousal. Speak Confidentially with a Journey Advisor at 844-878-1979.
MDMA sale, purchase and possession are outlawed in the U.S. under federal drug laws. Still, the drug is sold illegally as capsules, tablets and pills. The longstanding slang term for MDMA is Ecstasy; in recent years, the term Molly has also gained popularity. Purportedly, Molly differs from Ecstasy because it contains more pure MDMA and less of the additives or adulterants that illegal manufacturers often add to their products. However, since no scientific or governmental body oversees the production or sale of any type of MDMA, no one can really say if the claimed differences between substances sold as Ecstasy and substances sold as Molly actually exist.
Known Harmful Effects of Ecstasy
People who use MDMA expose themselves to risks for side effects such as an unusually paranoid or confused mental state, an unusually anxious or depressed mental state, blurry vision, trembling, or cramping muscles and involuntary tightening of the jaw. In some cases, these unwanted effects continue long after the drug’s desired effects end.
MDMA users also expose themselves to the possible onset of hyperthermia, a condition marked by loss of the ability to keep internal body temperature from rising too high. Potential consequences of untreated hyperthermia include loss of kidney function, loss of liver function, and loss of heart and blood vessel function; a small number of individuals affected by MDMA-related hyperthermia die. In addition, single high doses of the drug or rapidly consumed smaller doses can trigger serious convulsions or heartbeat irregularities. Finally, some MDMA users keep taking the drug after they experience negative consequences; such a pattern of behavior is one of the classic criteria used to diagnose drug addiction. Speak Confidentially with a Journey Advisor at 844-878-1979.
Potential Harms of Ecstasy
Substances sold as MDMA, Ecstasy or Molly frequently contain other active ingredients, and in some cases they may contain no MDMA at all. Specific ingredients found in MDMA products across the U.S. include a closely related drug called MDA, the stimulant drugs of abuse amphetamine and methamphetamine, and the club drug/tranquilizer ketamine. Anyone who believes he or she is taking MDMA may actually consume one or more of these substances instead and thereby experience a range of harms related to their use.
In addition, people who regularly use MDMA may experience serious short- or long-term changes in brain function, which in turn may lead to problems such as memory loss, ongoing mood alteration and sleep disturbances. Further research is needed to determine exactly which forms of brain damage can appear in people who take the drug. Speak Confidentially with a Journey Advisor at 844-878-1979.