People who are fighting addiction often have one or more underlying physical or emotional conditions contributing to the addiction. One of these co-occurring conditions is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), a common condition that most often presents in childhood, but that can also persist into adulthood. People with ADHD struggle to stay focused on one task. They have a hard time paying attention and may be impulsive and hyperactive. There is no known cause of ADHD, but genetic and environmental factors are believed to play a role in its development.
Treatment for ADHD includes various forms of psychotherapy and medication. It is sometimes necessary to try different kinds of medications and to combine their use with therapy for the best outcome. ADHD drugs include both stimulants and non-stimulants. Speak Confidentially with a Journey Advisor at 844-878-1979.
Stimulant Medications for ADHD
Stimulants are drugs that affect the central nervous system and increase metabolism. It seems counterintuitive, but stimulants help to calm children with ADHD. They help to improve the ability to focus and pay attention, while also reducing hyperactive and impulsive behaviors. Most stimulant medications for ADHD are either a type of amphetamine or methylphenidate. Brand names include Adderall, Concerta, Desoxyn, Dextrostat, Focalin, Ritalin and Metadate. Some are pills, some are patches and some come in extended-release formats.
Although stimulants can help people with ADHD, they can also produce side effects. Amphetamine and methylphenidate can both cause a decreased appetite, difficulty sleeping, irritability and anxiety. Less common side effects are tics and personality changes. Serious side effects include a very slight increase in the risk of psychiatric problems and increased risk of heart attack or stroke among people with a heart condition.
Stimulant medications have a potential for abuse. High school and college students may abuse ADHD stimulants to help stay awake and focus on studying. Such stimulant abuse can lead to addiction to ADHD medication, a disease that can be effectively treated at Journey. Speak Confidentially with a Journey Advisor at 844-878-1979.