Tag Archives: medication

Enzyme That Chews Up Cocaine Could Treat Addicts

Long-Term Cocaine Users Display More Pronounced Brain Changes

Scientists at the University of Kentucky have altered a certain bacterial enzyme to eat cocaine in the human body. The bacterium, known as Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, naturally produces the enzyme cocaine esterase. This enzyme eats cocaine, breaking it down into carbon and nitrogen. The bacterium was originally discovered at a pharmaceutical plant that processed cocaine. If necessary, the enzyme can survive exclusively on cocaine. Continue reading

Medication as a Part of Treatment Can Help Overcome Alcohol Addiction and Prevent Relapse

New research from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill suggests that alcohol addiction treatment could be improved by the addition of certain medications. Drugs that reduce alcohol cravings have been available for many years, but the evidence of their usefulness has been in question. The study, published in the May 14, 2014 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, attempts to provide answers. Continue reading

Fighting Addiction with Naltrexone

Fighting Addiction with NaltrexoneA growing body of evidence indicates that certain prescription medications are valuable in the fight against addiction. One such drug is Naltrexone, which has been around since first approved by the FDA in 1984 for the treatment of heroin addiction. The drug was approved for the treatment of alcoholism in 1994, and is now used primarily as an aid to overcome alcoholism and narcotic dependence. Continue reading